The Central Kalimantan Peatland Project was a project conducted between 2006 and 2008 which worked in a lowland peatswamp area of thousands of square kilometers in Central Kalimantan. The project was protecting a remaining peatswamp forests and restoring the degraded peatlands. The project has ended now, but a lot has been achieved in just a very short time.
The project ended the drainage of 60,000 of peatswamps; preventing annual peat decomposition emissions of about 2,5 million tionnes carbn dioxide. The restored, rewetted areas became considerably less fiire prone. As a result, the vegetation could recover. See more on project achievements.
Supported financially by the Dutch government, a consortium of 5 organisations works with the Provincial Government to restore a large logged, drained and burnt peatland in Central Kalimantan. Formally a rich peatswamp forest, this area has turned into a fire prone wasteland. This projects works on restoring the area; preventing loss of the organic carbon, involving and helping local people by planting valuable tree species and restoring biodiversity.
Drainage leads to decomposition
Drainage of the peatswamps leads to rapid decomposition of the organic carbon of the peat and to annual peat fires. This degradation has a devastating impact on the means of income for local people, their health, biodiversity, air pollution in South-east Asia and last but not least climate change as huge quantities of organic carbon become carbon dioxide. Peatland emissions from degraded peatlands will continue until all peat has disappeared. Emissions of degraded peatlands can only be reduced by restoration of the peatlands.
Failed Mega Rice project
The Central Kalimantan Peatlands Project (CKPP) is conducted in one of the main degraded peatlands of the region: the ex-Mega Rice project in Central Kalimantan. A poorly planned agricultural project of thousands of hectares has turned a rich and beautiful peatswamp rainforest largely into a disaster area.
Dedicated to maintain and restore the great natural and economic values of Kalimantan's tropical peatlands the project is restoring the area by closing drainage canals, ending the drainage, replanting forests and developing sustainable livelihoods.
Picture to the right:
CKPP builds dams to block drainage canals. The water level increases to natural level to stop CO2 emissions from degraded peatlands.